The Role of Education towards Development of Indigenous Communities Australia

Australian Indigenous Culture

There are numerous grounds to believe that improved educational opportunity and achievement result in societal advancement. The purpose of this article is to look at how education can help people advance socially. It’s not easy to respond to this question. Education serves a variety of purposes, and the manner in which it is delivered – educational government, educational institutions, educators, curriculum, and pedagogy – all play a significant role specifically towards indigenous communities Australia. We look at each of these subjects in depth, examining global patterns and attempting to determine what experts know about better and poorer educational provision.

We differentiate four separate educational goals: economic, civic, humanistic, and equity promotion, to better comprehend the link between education and social advancement.

Each of these objectives can be understood both individually and together.

  1. Education fosters the development of productive abilities, which are beneficial to both individuals and society in order to improve and maintain wealth and compete in a globalised economy.
  • Education fosters civic skills, which are beneficial to both individuals and society. Individuals benefit from informed and engaged citizenship, while society benefits from informed and active citizens.
  • Education fosters the development of human abilities and interests, which is beneficial both to the individual, allowing for personal flourishing, and to society, since knowledge and human achievement are valued in and of themselves.
  • Education can be a vehicle for equality and social inclusion, or it may be a vehicle for injustice and social exclusion when it is lacking, badly delivered, or unequally allocated.

Overall, education is concerned with the development of human skills, including economic, civic, and humanistic ones and can be considered one of the tools for indigenous support and advancement. When education is successful, it allows people to not only participate in economic, civic, and humanistic activities, but also to influence and reshape economic, civic, and humanistic life. When we consider the connection between education and justice, we come to two more conclusions. To begin with, fairness requires that each individual be provided with equal educational possibilities. Second, educational opportunity is critical to social progress and the development of justice across all four aims. This encompasses education access, educational experiences, and educational outcomes.

So, why is education so crucial for a community’s development? Education adds to community members’ stability.

Education is fundamental to obtaining gainful employment. It’s a simple approach which ensures a bright future because it can lead to a high-paying career.

  • It encourages equality.

All members of the community will feel equal in terms of growth as a result of education. The equal chances that come with it help to eliminate the disparities that typically exist between social classes and genders. To put it another way, it contributes to individual empowerment.

  • It instils in community members a sense of self-reliance and self-assurance.

A strong education is required for anyone to be able to survive without having to rely on others financially. Self-sufficiency is beneficial to community development since it makes people wiser and allows them to make their own judgments. A solid education will enable you to express your thoughts and opinions more easily, increasing your chances of being heard and taken seriously.

  • It works to provide peace and security to the world.

Higher rates of education result in less anti-social behaviour within communities. Investing in educations lowers social inequalities and economic disparity why are both precursors to crime. Preventing this issue from developing is a high priority everyone including members of Australian Indigenous Culture.

At CIS we work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders to develop their reading and writing skills through our literacy and numeracy program. Throughs developing these fundamental skills, we can improve employment prospects of participants, ensuring long-term financial security. Donate to support our program here or alternatively, you can find out more here.

How Education Plays an Important Role with Indigenous Employment Strategy

Indigenous Employment Strategy

For much of the last decade, industry, government, and non-profit leaders throughout the world have been raising the alarm about a growing youth employment crisis especially among indigenous population. This urges the need for an Indigenous Employment Strategy. It’s for good reason. According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), there are around 71 million unemployed 15- to 24-year-olds worldwide, many of whom are facing long-term unemployment. This is close to the historic high of 13%.

Without work experience and income, these young people are at risk of living in poverty for the rest of their lives. They travel to other countries in pursuit of a brighter future, where they will most likely struggle to find job and a better life. Their dilemma has far-reaching repercussions for national and international firms looking to develop or invest in promising frontier areas. Chronic youth unemployment puts a brake on national economies, and firms’ potential to generate stronger growth, better profits, and more jobs is limited by a lack of a literate and skilled youthful population.

Furthermore, when so many young people lack the skills they need to succeed in increasingly automated settings, organisations’ ability to innovate and adapt is hampered. According to a survey released last year by the International Commission for Financing Indigenous Education Opportunities, roughly 40% of businesses worldwide find it difficult to locate workers with the skills they require.

It will be impossible to close the skills gap – particularly in developing nations – as long as hundreds of millions of children do not obtain even a primary school education, or receive education that is of such poor quality that they do not acquire what they need to know. That’s the far quieter – and all-too-quiet – issue lurking beneath the surface of youth unemployment. Indigenous corporations and other important private-sector entities have a significant stake in the outcome. Responses to the indigenous education problem have lacked the urgency and resources required to tackle it for far too long.

Donor aid to basic education in developing countries, for example, has declined by more than 14% in real terms between 2010 and 2014. The good news is that we already know what it will take to enrol more of these youngsters in school. This is at the heart of the Indigenous Partnership for Education’s efforts:

  • The focus is on females.

There’s a lot of evidence that more girls getting an education leads to significant social, economic, and health benefits — and that it can help reduce young unemployment. Despite advances over the last decade and a half, over 61 million girls are still not in basic or lower-secondary school, and women account for two-thirds of the world’s illiterates.

  • Educating people, particularly during times of crisis and conflict.

Around 75 million youngsters aged 3 to 18 live in war-torn nations and require educational assistance. When compared to children in non-conflict nations, children living in crisis and conflict are more than twice as likely to be out of school. Adolescents, on the other hand, are more than two-thirds more likely to drop out. Let’s make sure these kids can continue to learn even in the face of adversity and promote more Indigenous Participation Plan to aid them in support.

  • Assuring high-quality education.

Too many children – over 250 million – do not complete fourth grade or do so without learning fundamental reading, writing, and math abilities. This learning problem must be addressed immediately.

  • Investing in child care and education in the early years.

 The first five years of a child’s life are critical for cognitive development and learning to guarantee a good foundation for learning. A rising number of developing countries recognise this and are investing in early childhood education, especially for children from the marginalised communities.

  • Committing to a significant increase in funding.

The largest difficulty confronting indigenous education is a lack of funding, an idea well understood by the corporate community. According to the Education Commission, education spending should rise from $1.2 trillion per year presently to $3 trillion per year by 2030. The vast majority of this will have to come from developing country governments, although assistance from large donors, including the private sector, will be critical.

To be clear, that’s a considerable leap, especially when governments – both developed and developing – are already struggling to address a slew of other requirements both within their borders and around the world. However, without this new level of investment, generations of children especially those of aboriginal communities in Australia would be denied access to the education they need, with indigenous consequences.

Is It True That Technology Is Creating More Jobs?

Artificial intelligence (AI) will assist in automating tedious and more complicated repetitive procedures, allowing people to focus on high-value, relationship-building services while AI/chatbots are deployed in areas where they thrive. AI is poised to create new duties for professionals that are primarily focused on human talents that AI will never be able to offer, regardless of how powerful the technology is.

AI trainers, individuals to support data science and competencies linked to modelling, computational intelligence, machine learning, mathematics, psychology, linguistics, and neuroscience are some of the professions formed around AI technology.

There is currently a significant demand for creative employment since, as previously stated, “technology or machines cannot execute any creative work, problem thinking, or interpersonal skills required for advisors, leadership, teamwork, or sales.” So what’s gaining popularity in the job market are jobs with high EQ (emotional intelligence) quotients, which not only provide opportunities for advancement but also higher pay in these fields.

Digital Technology Has the Potential to Solve the Indigenous Unemployment Problem

Digital technology is assisting in the development of appropriate skills among youth. MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) provide today’s youth with low-cost, customisable education throughout the world without putting financial strain on students or forcing them to adhere to the rigid schedules of traditional brick and mortar schools.

Technology is also assisting in the outsourcing of internet tasks to children and teenagers. Companies are now embracing internet markets to outsource their tasks to people all around the world in greater numbers than ever before.

Finally, technology is incentivising young people to explore careers in digital entrepreneurship. They may now both start and run their own businesses, whether it’s to maintain and service technology through internet kiosks or mobile phone repair, or to establish digital start-ups using mobile apps. Youths can now more readily get funding through internet sites such as Kickstarter, which helps to alleviate concerns.

Clearly, indigenous youth unemployment and the need for Indigenous Employment Strategy is a complex issue with no quick answer, but it may be addressed by nurturing constructive solutions using digital technology by taking certain tangible initiatives.

Eight Ways to Improve the Quality of Indigenous Employment

indigenous procurement policy

The most recent Australian Bureau of Statistics study on Indigenous people in the workforce maintains a long-term pattern of low participation. According research findings, non-traditional recruitment agencies, additional education, and continued mentoring and support are critical to increases the participation figures.

While the employment gap narrowed between 1994 and 2008, it appears to have stalled since then. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, labour force participation rate for Indigenous Australians was 58%, compared to 77% for non-indigenous Australians.

Indigenous males were more likely than indigenous females to be in the labour force (65% vs. 52%), as were people in non-remote areas vs. those in remote areas (61% and 49% , respectively). The survey also discovered that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults over the age of 15 were much less likely to be employed than non-Indigenous persons.

Barriers to Indigenous people finding and sustaining employment are the cause of this employment gap. On the demand side, job location, labour market structural change, and employer prejudice all have an impact on Indigenous people’s chances of finding work. Health, education and training, work experience, and caring obligations limit participation on the supply side.

The ABS study is based on data from the 2014 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, which was recently released (NATSISS). This information explains a lot about the reasons behind the disparity in Indigenous labour participation.

The outcomes of education are a major determinant of employment and for Aboriginal Support. A degree-holding Indigenous male or female has an employment rate of 85 percent or 74 percent, respectively. This drops to 62% and 50% for those who have completed Year 12 only, and 43% and 32% for those who have completed Year 9 or less. Education does not determine employment on its own, although it is a significant component.

Current Indigenous employment policies emphasise education but are silent on discrimination. According to the NATSISS data, 33% of adult males and 37% of adult females reported receiving some type of unjust treatment in the preceding year (excluding those who responded that they did not know). It’s worth noting that these percentages are greater for employed Indigenous Australians (35% for men and 38% for women) than for unemployed Indigenous Australians (32% and 36%).

The second most common source of unjust treatment was during employment or when applying for work. It’s understandable that some Indigenous Australians might be hesitant to enter the labour market as a result of this, given that this and other studies reveals that discrimination and unjust treatment are a very real and highly destructive part of the labour market for Indigenous Australians.

There are also significant gender and age inequalities, according to the 2014 NATSISS. Indigenous males under 40 have much greater employment rates than females, just like the rest of the population.

The gender gap narrows significantly for individuals aged 40 and up, with an Indigenous male aged 50-54 being somewhat less likely to be employed than an Indigenous female of the same age. As a result, elder Indigenous males are at the greatest danger of losing their jobs.

According to research, there are a few policies that have the potential to assist Indigenous people in finding work. These were the following:

  • Increasing Indigenous Australians’ skill levels through formal education and training
  • Pre-employment testing and personalised training to get Indigenous job seekers work-ready
  • Recruitment and workplace rules that promote an Indigenous-friendly work environment and ensure that Indigenous people have an equal chance of landing jobs (for example, providing cultural leave)
  • Employer cross-cultural training

However, recruiting is insufficient. Overly high expectations, prejudice and racism, and a lack of acknowledgement of abilities and knowledge are just a few of the challenges to Indigenous workers’ retention in the public sector.

Some solutions to retain employees includes –

  • Ongoing mentoring and assistance along with indigenous procurement policy
  • Flexible work arrangements that help Indigenous employees to balance work, family, and community duties
  • Support for Indigenous employees’ families
  • Dealing with racism in the workplace through initiatives that address the larger workplace culture

In the end, the research reveals that what is going on in the larger labour market is the most important factor influencing Indigenous workforce participation and employment. The state of the economy is critical at the national level. Changes in government funding and industry structure have a disproportionate impact on Indigenous Australians at the local and community level.

However, we lack comprehensive research on which specific interventions will have a meaningful and cost-effective impact on Indigenous employment participation. We haven’t paid attention to the evidence of what has been proved to work (and what hasn’t) in other situations.

Not only has this issue gone unnoticed, but there has also been a lack of genuine self-determination in terms of what Indigenous peoples of Aboriginal and Torres Strait think about priorities and policy solutions.

The Challenges Of Community Development In The Face Of COVID-19

aboriginal communities in Australia

COVID-19 is a fault line that has opened up in our lives. In this post, we’ll look into its current impact on aboriginal communities in Australia, and what it means for future community development. Much has been written about how communities have responded to the crisis, with heartwarming anecdotes of neighbours helping neighbours and a resurgence of compassion and solidarity abounding.

Small-scale local groups mobilised quickly to provide immediate support and guarantee that basic requirements for food, medication, and information were addressed, according to recent research. Using social media to coordinate activities and stay in touch with the most vulnerable, informal neighbourhood networks were quickly established. Before more formal programs were developed, and when high-profile national volunteering attempts failed, these local clubs and networks were often the first line of response. Their understanding of the area was invaluable in identifying service shortages and combatting social isolation.

Within communities, new relationships have evolved that may well outlive the immediate crisis, allowing for the emergence of new kinds of self-organised collective action. In cases where face-to-face interactions are no longer possible, online social interaction services such as WhatsApp and Zoom have provided a lifeline. These are now well-known and will be used for community organising as we progress to the next level.

Major Concerns Surrounding Communities Amidst COVID 19

While initial responses have been promising, as the pandemic continues there are a number of unforeseen long-term consequences of our isolation:

  • To begin with, while social media has become increasingly important to many people, reliance on these platforms has its drawbacks. Not everyone has access to or is comfortable with technology and reliable Wi-Fi. It also can’t replace the unexpected, informal face-to-face meetings that have been lost as a result of people’s reduced mobility – on the street, in community centres, and in so-called “third spaces.” Many common areas remain locked or restricted, limiting opportunities for accidental and spontaneous community encounters that are difficult to sustain through scheduled online discussions. People are claiming that they have been ‘zoomed out.’ In any event, current evidence suggests that social media and face-to-face communication work best together.
  • The fact that “we are not all in it together” is a second problem. With food banks overburdened and an increasing reliance on benefits, the crisis has exposed the fragility and inequity of many people’s lives. People who live in congested housing, are poor, or have precarious jobs are the ones who suffer the most from both the disease and the pandemic’s control attempts resulting in decreased number of Indigenous Literacy and Numeracy. In this sense, going back to the way things were isn’t an option. The situation has brought to light many of the up topics like as ageism, domestic abuse, disability, and mental health. In the following months, there will be a huge disparity in employment and economic security, leading to increased dissatisfaction and frustration. There are serious concerns about the long-term impact of the lockdown and the projected recession on children and young people, who may be more resistant to the illness.
  • Third, the development of a strong sense of community is simply one aspect of the picture. On the other hand, we have generational strife, disagreements over public health laws, and debates over the pace and priority for easing lockdown. Cutbacks have damaged community infrastructure in recent years, but community development in various forms has continued to play a role in many of the most vulnerable regions, providing residents with the skills and confidence to step up when needed.

Communities taking action

We’ve witnessed a strong local response across Australia, with community organisations modifying or extending programmes to meet new and significant demand. Community organisations play an important role in providing emergency food, providing Aboriginal Support and supporting victims of domestic violence, as well as assisting people who are forced to self-isolate by providing practical services and information – all while grappling with new ways of working and social distancing measures.

It’s amazing to see community groups play such a powerful, positive, and necessary role when many individuals continue to endure great challenges, especially those who are most at risk.

Ongoing issues

We also recognise that serious difficulties persist, and that community organisations will require additional support and resources to continue this essential frontline work and assist with recovery in the future.

Staffing concerns, income and reserve depletion, and the need to change to new methods of working remain key concerns, according to groups, and might have substantial repercussions for how they deliver their job now, as well as in the medium to long term. In addition to organisational pressures, organisations have noted an increase in demand for their services, which is expected to persist even when some social distancing measures are lifted.

As we all know, the pandemic’s health, social, and economic consequences will last for a long time. In the future, community organisations will be on the front lines of assisting those who are most vulnerable in their communities.

As the effects of the crisis manifest, it’s critical that they’re recognised, acknowledged, and supported so that their vital job can continue and adapt to the new “normal” that will remain for some time. This entails not only enough, appropriate, and timely resources, but also access to personal protective equipment (PPE) and key worker status if these are required to keep people safe and supported.

We’ve already used the information we’ve gathered to inform how funding and policy might adapt to this catastrophe, and we’ll keep highlighting the needs and priorities of aboriginal communities in Australia in the coming weeks and months. For more info, visit CISAU.