8 Little Known Facts about Australian Aboriginal Art

Australian Aboriginal Art

The earliest form of artistic expression in the world is Aboriginal art. Arnhem Land, in the Northern Territory, has art caves dating back at least 60,000 years. Artists can create carvings, ground designs, and paintings out of soil and rocks. We go over all you need to know about Australian Aboriginal Art in this article.

Aboriginal art can only be created by an Aboriginal artist.

It may seem self-evident, but Aboriginal art is only called Aboriginal if it was created by someone of indigenous heritage. A non-Indigenous Australian has no authority to paint an Aboriginal work of art. The artist’s background will influence the appearance of the work, intertwining a part of their own story within each piece.  Rich symbolism and specific ancestoral  meaning is often depicted within Aboriginal art. The tribe you are from and the ceremonies you practise will all affect the creation process, therefore while others may imiate the work or style, it is without true meaning if it is not created by an Aboriginal artist.  

Dots were once used to obscure the meanings of words from white Australians.

Dot painting dates back to the time of colonisation, when Indigneous tribes were afraid white settlers would be able to understand  and read message within the Aboriginal signs and artwork. Double-dotting concealed any meaning, but Aboriginals could still read it. It is now one of the most well-known styling, especially among the Pintupi tribe of Western Australia.

Aboriginal art is not made up of small dots.

Indigenous Australian Artwork requires specific traning and knowledge to be executed properly. Before creating a piece of Aboriginal art, there is a wealth of information that must be learned. Most Australians and visitors may believe it consists only of dots and fine lines. This simply isn’t true! The dot technique is only authorised to be used by artists from particular tribes. What technique can be employed depends on where the artist hails from and what culture has influenced his or her tribe. Painting on behalf of another culture is regarded both insulting and inappropriate. It’s simply not allowed. The Kulin Nation, for example, which is made up of five different tribes, may not be allowed to utilise the dotting technique because it is not part of their culture, but they can employ cross hatching instead.

Every artist has a unique narrative to tell.

Every piece of Aboriginal art tells a story. The majority of work is centred on the artist’s own story, which may include topics such as their parents, adoption, warriors, or everyday tasks such as fishing. Sometimes the art is representative of their culture or portrays the plight of the stolen generation.

Permission is required for artists to paint a certain story.

Aboriginal painters are unable to portray a story that is not related to their ancestors. Before they can proceed with a story involving historical or sacred facts, they must first receive authorisation. It’s critical that each artist stays true to their tribe’s stories and artistic techniques.

There is no written language used by Aboriginal people.

Some of the artwork uses terms and phrases from the English language because Aboriginals do not have a formal written language. As it is a visual story, artwork is incredibly important to Aboriginal culture. Pictures take the place of words when words aren’t available. Aboriginal languages do not exist in their spoken form as they previously did. Because each tribe speaks a distinctive dialect, each artist tells a distinctive story. Because there are around 500 different Aboriginal languages, no two Aboriginal artworks are ever the identical, therefore the wide range of styles is unsurprising. It is a reflection of the artist’s personality.

Symbols play an important role in Aboriginal art.

Each piece of our Aboriginal Art For Sale has a type of visual narrative, each tribe has its own set of symbols. There are other iconic symbols, such as eagle feet, waterholes, and digging implements, that are meaningful to numerous tribes. Colours can also be related to meaning, though this is uncommon, and only a few tribes are aware of which colours correspond to particular meanings. The most popular colours chosen are blue (to depict the ocean) and warm brown and orange (to depict the earth). The symbols can also be utilised for education, with both youngsters and adults in mind. Each piece of iconography will have a different meaning depending on the audience, but the story’s core will remain the same.

Varied audiences have different interpretations of Aboriginal art.

Aboriginal language, like art, has several layers, each of which speaks to a distinct audience. The first and most basic layer addresses the general public or children; the second level addresses the general audience, primarily adults; and the third and deepest level addresses a spiritual or ceremonial level. To convey the visual story in its most comprehensive form, an Aboriginal artist must understand all three levels.

See some of our authentic  Australian Aboriginal Art for sale from our website CISAU.

How to Overcome Unemployment for Military Veterans in Australia with Veteran Employment Services?

employment services for veterans

In 2011, the unemployment rate for young military veterans aged 18 to 24 reached 29 per cent. Younger veterans were 3.4 percentage points more likely to be unemployed between 2000 and 2011. The unemployment gap between veterans and non-veterans narrows dramatically with age and time after military separation. According to the report, limiting Veteran unemployment benefits could possibly lower the length of unemployed spells, but the long-term impact is unknown. There is relatively little information on the success of other federal measures targeted for veteran employment services for the civilian market.

The short-term increase in unemployment reported in recent statistics on freshly separated veterans from the military speaks only of job searching. While recently discharged veterans may have an injury that hinders their capacity to work, research does not support this as a root cause of higher unemployment. Some employers may discriminate against veterans due to the belief that they are all severely affected by mental illness. While this is a problem, it is does not provide a full explanation of the whole issue. Other reasons include a gap in education or training, however this can be easily remedied through recognition of prior learning services (RPL) or upskilling to obtain relevant qualifications. There is still much research to be conducted on the issue, however there are a few key areas for support which would help to improve these statistics:

Proposed Solutions for Consideration:

  • Social involvement — research demonstrates that having social connections/peer support improves outcomes.
  • Assistance coordination – a broad role in care coordination and support – starts with the fundamentals of housing and medical care.
  • PHAMs/PIR recovery models, for example, place a strong emphasis on peer assistance.
  • Partnerships, retraining, peer assistance, and dedicated employers and industries are all part of the employment journey.

The significant features of early intervention best practise are incorporated within the paradigm, including:

  • Once the discharge has been scheduled, contact and service will be commenced as soon as feasible.
  • Care coordinators who are military family members and have expertise in allied health can offer a broad perspective.
  • With assistance tailored to the individual’s personal requirements, flexibility like rank/training constraints must be removed.
  • Life Counselling is provided by skilled and competent personnel, with concern for peers and complimentary services.
  • A holistic approach is used to ensure that social and family supports are in place.
  • An emphasis on what can be done rather than what can’t
  • Including work-directed tactics that track the individual’s progress at a speed that is reasonable for them.
  • Evaluation to determine the program’s success
  • Veterans’ involvement, performance, and ecosystem use are all aided by robust data gathering and analysis points.

What role does education and career prospects have in addressing veteran unemployment?

  • Higher education is an international route to properly transfer veterans from military to civic life and to satisfying jobs.
  • Some veterans have financial help from the Australian Department of Veterans Affairs, but instead of higher education, it’s mostly for short-term vocational training. There needs to be more help.
  • Education offers significant psychological results for students, particularly veterans, and support for the process of civil transition.

Root Causes for Veteran Unemployment

Three significant causes primarily influence unemployment among veterans. These are some of the reasons:

  • Translating military employment expertise into civilian terms is a difficult task.
  • Obstacles to certification, such as licencing requirements
  • Mental and physical health issues ie Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Even though 81 per cent of military positions had a near civilian counterpart, many veterans did not transfer their military expertise into everyday terminology. In the civilian sector, someone who runs video teleconferencing would be the military occupational specialisation Visual Information Equipment Operator-Maintainer. Those resumes are incomprehensible to employers. However, because they have a large number of civilian resumes to pick from, they tend to stick with what they know. Veterans might improve their chances of finding work by putting in the extra effort to adapt their military CV into civilian terms.

  • Many veterans looking for work are frustrated by the difficulty of obtaining suitable qualifications. While specific technical disciplines, such as “signals communication,” may not immediately transfer to Silicon Valley computer code, many military vocations are nearly equivalent to civilian employment. When a veteran pursues the civilian counterpart of past military occupation, he or she is confronted with daunting, perplexing, time-consuming, or expensive requirements such as certification or study. 
  • Suppose a veteran wants to transfer his or her driving skills to a civilian truck driving job. In that case, he or she must obtain commercial driver certifications after driving a million-dollar armoured Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle for 12 hours per day in Afghanistan’s mountainous and mine-filled roads. While various programmes have been established to help with the transfer of military talents to civilian professions, many veterans have been discouraged because they are unaware that such employment services for veterans exists.
  • Disabilities associated with service, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), can have an unconscious detrimental impact on veterans looking for work. While it is illegal to discriminate against disabled veterans, some firms are hesitant to hire from this group for fear of being unable to integrate disabled veterans into the workplace.
  • Unemployment has far-reaching consequences that go beyond a loss of money and the threat of poverty. A veteran’s health might worsen as well as his or her financial and emotional well-being, especially if he or she is unemployed for a lengthy period of time. Depression and suicide are two of the most common health consequences of veteran unemployment.
  • Many vocations, especially military occupations, offer a great sense of purpose, pride, accomplishment, attention, and responsibility. After leaving the service, many veterans hunger for a feeling of community and connection. The workplace might be stressful, but there is no substitute for what employment give in terms of structure, support, and significance, especially for the mentally vulnerable.
  • The anxiety and stress involved in searching for a job can often lead to depression, especially when people have been unemployed for six months or longer. A study revealed that being unemployed is associated with a two to the threefold increased relative risk of death by suicide compared to being employed.

Australian veterans fought through emotionally, physically, and spiritually trying situations for months and years. They went home with the hope of a new beginning, new chances, and a chance to put the past behind them. Unfortunately, many of these veterans struggled with the adjustment, and a large number of them fell into the trap of long-term unemployment.

Community Involvement Solutions (CIS), is a registered charity providing veteran employment services which offer relief from poverty, economic disadvantage, and mental and emotional anguish, via education and training. We assist individuals to improve their position by implementing holistic programmes that achieve significant change in collaboration with Veteran and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

How And Why Promote Aboriginal Cultural Events In Your Area?

Aboriginal Cultural events

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural festivals have always been important community events for connecting people to a place and reinforcing identity. Cultural festivals help communities grow culturally, revitalise Aboriginal cultural expression and support the social and emotional wellbeing of Aboriginal people. Promoting Aboriginal Cultural events in your area is quite important as it reaches out to more people. Across the country, there are over 130 festivals honoring Aboriginal culture.

Fantastic Events you could attend:

These are some of the Aboriginal festivals celebrated by Aboriginal communities in Australia which you can experience and promote in your area. Make sure to find out more details before you decide to attend.

  • During the Tamworth Country Music Festival, there is an Aboriginal Cultural Showcase (January). Aboriginal musicians, comedians, performers, dance, art, textiles, weaponry, language, and storytelling are all featured throughout the 6-day community-run event, which began in 2008.
  • The Boomerang Festival, which began in 2013, includes music, dance, drama, comedy, film, and visual arts, as well as cultural knowledge exchanges and seminars, as well as panels and forums introducing the First Nations Film Festival. Byron Bay, Australia, during Easter.
  • Sydney Corroboree takes place in November and lasts roughly a fortnight. Aboriginal artists, authors, dancers, and musicians display their talent and tell their tales at various locations along the world-famous Sydney Harbor.
  • Each spring, Dance Rites is a free two-day national competition and celebration of Aboriginal dance and cultures on the forecourt of the Sydney Opera House (around November). Dances are judged on their technical ability as well as their use of language, skin marks, and traditional instruments by an expert jury.
  • The Gai-Mariagal Festival (previously known as the Guringai Festival) strives to raise awareness of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the Northern Sydney region. It comprises art exhibitions, films, performances, environmental walks, seminars, and discussions in sites across Sydney, and it was founded in 2001. The celebration runs from the day before Sorry Day on May 26 through the end of NAIDOC week, which falls in the second week of July every year.
  • Homeground is a free music and dance festival featuring Aboriginal artists. The first festival took place in the Sydney Opera House in April 2014.
  • Every first Sunday of the month, from 9.30 a.m. to 3.30 p.m., Indigenous Market Day takes place at Bare Island in La Perouse, Sydney. Workshops (such as spear making or weaving), vendors, and dance performances, including a midday smoking ceremony and welcoming dance, are all part of the market.
  • The Red Ochre Music Festival honours the Wiradjuri culture and is held in Victoria Park in Dubbo. It began in 2001.
  • The Saltwater Freshwater Festival began on Australia Day in 2010 at Coffs Harbour and is viewed as a positive inclusive day for the community in which the Worimi, Birpai, Dunghutti, and Bumbaynggirr Aboriginal nations share their variety.
  • Two Fires is a festival that brings art and action together. It has been celebrating the works of the artistic community in and around Braidwood, NSW, since 2005. It embodies the spirit of poet Judith Wright’s dual loves for art and activism.
  • Since 2005, the Yaamma Festival has been hosted in Bourke. Yaamma is a greeting that signifies “welcome.” Spirit, soul, heart, mind, and body are all themes explored at the festival (October).
  • Sydney’s Yabun Festival (26 January). Yabun is Australia’s largest single-day Aboriginal event, attracting over 20,000 visitors each year. The festival, which began in 2003, is known for its stunning artistic lineups as well as contemporary and instructive cultural programming, including panels and speeches by some of the Aboriginal community’s most well-known leaders, educators, politicians, and artists.

More About Aboriginal Culture:

A number of rites and ceremonies are based on a belief in the Dreamtime and other mythology in Australian Aboriginal culture. The importance of reverence and respect for the land as well as oral traditions is emphasised. Individual cultures have emerged from over 300 languages and other groupings. Due to the terra nullius colonisation of Australia, these cultures were viewed as a single monoculture. Aboriginal art in Australia dates back thousands of years and includes anything from prehistoric rock art to modern watercolor landscapes. Aboriginal music contains a number of distinctive instruments. Contemporary Aboriginal music in Australia encompasses a wide range of styles. Before colonisation, Aboriginal peoples did not create a writing system, but they spoke a wide range of languages, including sign languages. The Australian indigenous culture is something you should know about and support.

Craftsmanship and art

Thousands of years have passed since Aboriginal art was created in Australia. Aboriginal artists use both modern and traditional elements in their artworks to carry on these traditions. Aboriginal art is the most well-known kind of Australian art around the world. In modern times, several types of Aboriginal art have emerged, including Albert Namatjira’s watercolor paintings, the Hermannsburg School, and the acrylic Papunya Tula “dot art” trend. For some Central Australian communities, such as Yuendumu, painting is a significant source of income. It is important to Support Aboriginal Artists in Australia. Always make sure you buy from authentic sources as there can often be copied works or pieces created from those who do not have indigenous heritage.

Sacred artefacts and rituals

Ceremonies have always been a component of Aboriginal culture in Australia, and they continue to play an important role in society today. They are held frequently for a variety of reasons, all of which are based on the community’s spiritual beliefs and cultural norms. Dreams, secret events at sacred sites, homecomings, births, and deaths are among them. They continue to play an essential role in Aboriginal people’s lives and culture. They are performed in Arnhem Land and Central Australia to ensure a plentiful supply of foods; in many regions, they play an important role in educating children, passing on the lore of their people, spiritual beliefs, and survival skills; some ceremonies are rites of passage for adolescents; and others are related to marriage, death, and burial. Dance, song, rituals, and extensive body ornamentation and/or costume are all common. Ceremonies and rituals depicted in ancient Aboriginal rock art are still practiced today.

In the Aboriginal oral tradition, also known as oral history, cultural traditions and beliefs, as well as historical accounts of actual occurrences, are passed down (although the latter has a more specific definition). Several of the tale’s date back thousands of years. This is why people should know more about the Aboriginal Cultural events and it should be promoted.

The workplace and indigenous culture, why you need an Indigenous Employment Strategy

Aboriginal Communities in Australia

Within the workplace, there are many people from diverse backgrounds working alongside one another each and every day. Without a basic understanding of a person’s background or culture, it can be easy to misinterpret or miscommunicate people’s actions or intentions.  Being aware of workplace cultural diversity is vital, it’s also essential to realise that each person is unique. Here we outline some basic principles of indigenous culture that could be relevant to your workplace. It may give you a better understanding of the background of your indigenous co-workers and increase your awareness. However, these are only generalisations and its always best to check with each person before making any judgements or assumptions!

Communication: Non-Indigenous Australians and Indigenous Australians may communicate in different ways. It’s critical to be aware of this to create mutual respect and understanding and a good and supportive workplace. When communicating in the workplace, attending meetings, or interviewing Indigenous Australians, keep the following considerations in mind. When engaging with Indigenous Australians, nonverbal communication such as silence or eye contact may require a distinct understanding.

Agreement and Positive Responses: When posed questions or presented with challenges, Indigenous Australians frequently concur or react with “yes.” This is the result of many years of being reared in a government system that was hostile to Aboriginal Communities in Australia and taught them to accept what was being done regardless of their beliefs. Indigenous Australians were frequently kept out of trouble because of agreements. The effects of such training have been passed downthe generations, a phenomenon is known as trans-generational or inter-generational trauma. Be mindful of this and give Indigenous employees time to build trust and comfort, avoiding putting them in difficult or confronting circumstances that will result in a usual “yes” reaction.

Family Relationships: Traditional Indigenous familial ties are complex and unique from non-Indigenous associations. Indigenous Australians have extended families that can go beyond blood and marriage – a kinship system that determines where people belong in society and what rights and responsibilities they have. (Kinship systems vary among indigenous peoples.) Even though they are not biologically related, Indigenous Australians commonly refer to Elders or community leaders as Aunt or Uncle as a sign of respect. Indigenous Australians may refer to one another as brother or sister even if they are not blood kin.

Aboriginal Communities in Australia place a high value on family responsibility, and the consequences of this may have an influence on the workplace. An Indigenous Australian’s first focus is generally his or her family. Be aware that financial, health and general care for youngsters and elderly family members are frequently shared among extended family and community. This means that your employee will be given greater responsibilities outside of their nuclear family.

Due to the breadth and depth of obligation to family in Indigenous culture, there is the chance of frequent or inexplicable absences from work, or someone may consistently arrive late to work without explanation. Supporting or caring for family members may take precedence over going to work. When this occurs, it is critical to address the problem as soon as possible to avoid any possibility for deterioration in working relationships. Talk to the employee in a confidential and comfortable setting to uncover the concerns and establish how they might be assisted while fulfilling the workplace’s expectations and demands.

When referring to the presence or behaviour of a person, be appreciative of their dedication to their family and avoid using judgmental terminology such as the phrase “walkabout.” Ascertain that the employee is aware of both the available resources and the workplace expectations regarding absence notice and leave alternatives. Alternative leave choices, such as unpaid or bought leave, should be discussed with the employee. Contact the Indigenous Employment Coordinator or other relevant personnel in the Division of Human Resources to manage workplace absence.

Men’s and Women’s Business: Certain rituals and behaviours are carried out independently by men and women in Indigenous culture. Men’s and Women’s Business are terms used to describe these two types of businesses. These expected behaviours are subject to very rigorous controls and penalties under Aboriginal Law if the laws are breached. In specific communities, some of these rituals may still be practised. Keep in mind that there may be concerns in the workplace that Indigenous employees may prefer to discuss with someone of the same gender if they want to do so. This is not meant to be personal or disrespectful, but rather to show respect for a culture that has been passed down through the years.

Shame: Indigenous Communities in Australia frequently allude to an occurrence that has ‘shamed’ them or to the fact that they are too ‘shame’ to say or do something. This indicates that they were humiliated. Indigenous Australians are frequently timid, and if they are singled out or laughed at, they may feel offended. Even when they are singled out for positive reasons, they may feel ashamed since they do not want to look superior to others, particularly Indigenous people. It may be a good idea to pick out an Indigenous Australian employee in the workplace to congratulate them for their actions or get them to talk to other employees in a more official environment. Allow the individual to express their preferences on how this should be accomplished. Encourage them to allow it if they are too ashamed to be complimented, but ultimately respect their wishes.

An Indigenous Employment Plan may help your company stand out from the crowd and provide you with an advantage when it comes to attracting talent. Companies that include corporate social responsibility in their business models are connected with contemporary, forward-thinking principles. Many employees find a culturally inclusive workplace appealing, which improves retention rates and reduces recruiting expenses. Community Involvement Solution Australia works with your organisation to design, develop, and implement an IES that is based on critical facts and an understanding of the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees. 

The Role of Education towards Development of Indigenous Communities Australia

Australian Indigenous Culture

There are numerous grounds to believe that improved educational opportunity and achievement result in societal advancement. The purpose of this article is to look at how education can help people advance socially. It’s not easy to respond to this question. Education serves a variety of purposes, and the manner in which it is delivered – educational government, educational institutions, educators, curriculum, and pedagogy – all play a significant role specifically towards indigenous communities Australia. We look at each of these subjects in depth, examining global patterns and attempting to determine what experts know about better and poorer educational provision.

We differentiate four separate educational goals: economic, civic, humanistic, and equity promotion, to better comprehend the link between education and social advancement.

Each of these objectives can be understood both individually and together.

  1. Education fosters the development of productive abilities, which are beneficial to both individuals and society in order to improve and maintain wealth and compete in a globalised economy.
  • Education fosters civic skills, which are beneficial to both individuals and society. Individuals benefit from informed and engaged citizenship, while society benefits from informed and active citizens.
  • Education fosters the development of human abilities and interests, which is beneficial both to the individual, allowing for personal flourishing, and to society, since knowledge and human achievement are valued in and of themselves.
  • Education can be a vehicle for equality and social inclusion, or it may be a vehicle for injustice and social exclusion when it is lacking, badly delivered, or unequally allocated.

Overall, education is concerned with the development of human skills, including economic, civic, and humanistic ones and can be considered one of the tools for indigenous support and advancement. When education is successful, it allows people to not only participate in economic, civic, and humanistic activities, but also to influence and reshape economic, civic, and humanistic life. When we consider the connection between education and justice, we come to two more conclusions. To begin with, fairness requires that each individual be provided with equal educational possibilities. Second, educational opportunity is critical to social progress and the development of justice across all four aims. This encompasses education access, educational experiences, and educational outcomes.

So, why is education so crucial for a community’s development? Education adds to community members’ stability.

Education is fundamental to obtaining gainful employment. It’s a simple approach which ensures a bright future because it can lead to a high-paying career.

  • It encourages equality.

All members of the community will feel equal in terms of growth as a result of education. The equal chances that come with it help to eliminate the disparities that typically exist between social classes and genders. To put it another way, it contributes to individual empowerment.

  • It instils in community members a sense of self-reliance and self-assurance.

A strong education is required for anyone to be able to survive without having to rely on others financially. Self-sufficiency is beneficial to community development since it makes people wiser and allows them to make their own judgments. A solid education will enable you to express your thoughts and opinions more easily, increasing your chances of being heard and taken seriously.

  • It works to provide peace and security to the world.

Higher rates of education result in less anti-social behaviour within communities. Investing in educations lowers social inequalities and economic disparity why are both precursors to crime. Preventing this issue from developing is a high priority everyone including members of Australian Indigenous Culture.

At CIS we work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders to develop their reading and writing skills through our literacy and numeracy program. Throughs developing these fundamental skills, we can improve employment prospects of participants, ensuring long-term financial security. Donate to support our program here or alternatively, you can find out more here.

How Education Plays an Important Role with Indigenous Employment Strategy

Indigenous Employment Strategy

For much of the last decade, industry, government, and non-profit leaders throughout the world have been raising the alarm about a growing youth employment crisis especially among indigenous population. This urges the need for an Indigenous Employment Strategy. It’s for good reason. According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), there are around 71 million unemployed 15- to 24-year-olds worldwide, many of whom are facing long-term unemployment. This is close to the historic high of 13%.

Without work experience and income, these young people are at risk of living in poverty for the rest of their lives. They travel to other countries in pursuit of a brighter future, where they will most likely struggle to find job and a better life. Their dilemma has far-reaching repercussions for national and international firms looking to develop or invest in promising frontier areas. Chronic youth unemployment puts a brake on national economies, and firms’ potential to generate stronger growth, better profits, and more jobs is limited by a lack of a literate and skilled youthful population.

Furthermore, when so many young people lack the skills they need to succeed in increasingly automated settings, organisations’ ability to innovate and adapt is hampered. According to a survey released last year by the International Commission for Financing Indigenous Education Opportunities, roughly 40% of businesses worldwide find it difficult to locate workers with the skills they require.

It will be impossible to close the skills gap – particularly in developing nations – as long as hundreds of millions of children do not obtain even a primary school education, or receive education that is of such poor quality that they do not acquire what they need to know. That’s the far quieter – and all-too-quiet – issue lurking beneath the surface of youth unemployment. Indigenous corporations and other important private-sector entities have a significant stake in the outcome. Responses to the indigenous education problem have lacked the urgency and resources required to tackle it for far too long.

Donor aid to basic education in developing countries, for example, has declined by more than 14% in real terms between 2010 and 2014. The good news is that we already know what it will take to enrol more of these youngsters in school. This is at the heart of the Indigenous Partnership for Education’s efforts:

  • The focus is on females.

There’s a lot of evidence that more girls getting an education leads to significant social, economic, and health benefits — and that it can help reduce young unemployment. Despite advances over the last decade and a half, over 61 million girls are still not in basic or lower-secondary school, and women account for two-thirds of the world’s illiterates.

  • Educating people, particularly during times of crisis and conflict.

Around 75 million youngsters aged 3 to 18 live in war-torn nations and require educational assistance. When compared to children in non-conflict nations, children living in crisis and conflict are more than twice as likely to be out of school. Adolescents, on the other hand, are more than two-thirds more likely to drop out. Let’s make sure these kids can continue to learn even in the face of adversity and promote more Indigenous Participation Plan to aid them in support.

  • Assuring high-quality education.

Too many children – over 250 million – do not complete fourth grade or do so without learning fundamental reading, writing, and math abilities. This learning problem must be addressed immediately.

  • Investing in child care and education in the early years.

 The first five years of a child’s life are critical for cognitive development and learning to guarantee a good foundation for learning. A rising number of developing countries recognise this and are investing in early childhood education, especially for children from the marginalised communities.

  • Committing to a significant increase in funding.

The largest difficulty confronting indigenous education is a lack of funding, an idea well understood by the corporate community. According to the Education Commission, education spending should rise from $1.2 trillion per year presently to $3 trillion per year by 2030. The vast majority of this will have to come from developing country governments, although assistance from large donors, including the private sector, will be critical.

To be clear, that’s a considerable leap, especially when governments – both developed and developing – are already struggling to address a slew of other requirements both within their borders and around the world. However, without this new level of investment, generations of children especially those of aboriginal communities in Australia would be denied access to the education they need, with indigenous consequences.

Is It True That Technology Is Creating More Jobs?

Artificial intelligence (AI) will assist in automating tedious and more complicated repetitive procedures, allowing people to focus on high-value, relationship-building services while AI/chatbots are deployed in areas where they thrive. AI is poised to create new duties for professionals that are primarily focused on human talents that AI will never be able to offer, regardless of how powerful the technology is.

AI trainers, individuals to support data science and competencies linked to modelling, computational intelligence, machine learning, mathematics, psychology, linguistics, and neuroscience are some of the professions formed around AI technology.

There is currently a significant demand for creative employment since, as previously stated, “technology or machines cannot execute any creative work, problem thinking, or interpersonal skills required for advisors, leadership, teamwork, or sales.” So what’s gaining popularity in the job market are jobs with high EQ (emotional intelligence) quotients, which not only provide opportunities for advancement but also higher pay in these fields.

Digital Technology Has the Potential to Solve the Indigenous Unemployment Problem

Digital technology is assisting in the development of appropriate skills among youth. MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) provide today’s youth with low-cost, customisable education throughout the world without putting financial strain on students or forcing them to adhere to the rigid schedules of traditional brick and mortar schools.

Technology is also assisting in the outsourcing of internet tasks to children and teenagers. Companies are now embracing internet markets to outsource their tasks to people all around the world in greater numbers than ever before.

Finally, technology is incentivising young people to explore careers in digital entrepreneurship. They may now both start and run their own businesses, whether it’s to maintain and service technology through internet kiosks or mobile phone repair, or to establish digital start-ups using mobile apps. Youths can now more readily get funding through internet sites such as Kickstarter, which helps to alleviate concerns.

Clearly, indigenous youth unemployment and the need for Indigenous Employment Strategy is a complex issue with no quick answer, but it may be addressed by nurturing constructive solutions using digital technology by taking certain tangible initiatives.

Eight Ways to Improve the Quality of Indigenous Employment

indigenous procurement policy

The most recent Australian Bureau of Statistics study on Indigenous people in the workforce maintains a long-term pattern of low participation. According research findings, non-traditional recruitment agencies, additional education, and continued mentoring and support are critical to increases the participation figures.

While the employment gap narrowed between 1994 and 2008, it appears to have stalled since then. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, labour force participation rate for Indigenous Australians was 58%, compared to 77% for non-indigenous Australians.

Indigenous males were more likely than indigenous females to be in the labour force (65% vs. 52%), as were people in non-remote areas vs. those in remote areas (61% and 49% , respectively). The survey also discovered that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults over the age of 15 were much less likely to be employed than non-Indigenous persons.

Barriers to Indigenous people finding and sustaining employment are the cause of this employment gap. On the demand side, job location, labour market structural change, and employer prejudice all have an impact on Indigenous people’s chances of finding work. Health, education and training, work experience, and caring obligations limit participation on the supply side.

The ABS study is based on data from the 2014 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, which was recently released (NATSISS). This information explains a lot about the reasons behind the disparity in Indigenous labour participation.

The outcomes of education are a major determinant of employment and for Aboriginal Support. A degree-holding Indigenous male or female has an employment rate of 85 percent or 74 percent, respectively. This drops to 62% and 50% for those who have completed Year 12 only, and 43% and 32% for those who have completed Year 9 or less. Education does not determine employment on its own, although it is a significant component.

Current Indigenous employment policies emphasise education but are silent on discrimination. According to the NATSISS data, 33% of adult males and 37% of adult females reported receiving some type of unjust treatment in the preceding year (excluding those who responded that they did not know). It’s worth noting that these percentages are greater for employed Indigenous Australians (35% for men and 38% for women) than for unemployed Indigenous Australians (32% and 36%).

The second most common source of unjust treatment was during employment or when applying for work. It’s understandable that some Indigenous Australians might be hesitant to enter the labour market as a result of this, given that this and other studies reveals that discrimination and unjust treatment are a very real and highly destructive part of the labour market for Indigenous Australians.

There are also significant gender and age inequalities, according to the 2014 NATSISS. Indigenous males under 40 have much greater employment rates than females, just like the rest of the population.

The gender gap narrows significantly for individuals aged 40 and up, with an Indigenous male aged 50-54 being somewhat less likely to be employed than an Indigenous female of the same age. As a result, elder Indigenous males are at the greatest danger of losing their jobs.

According to research, there are a few policies that have the potential to assist Indigenous people in finding work. These were the following:

  • Increasing Indigenous Australians’ skill levels through formal education and training
  • Pre-employment testing and personalised training to get Indigenous job seekers work-ready
  • Recruitment and workplace rules that promote an Indigenous-friendly work environment and ensure that Indigenous people have an equal chance of landing jobs (for example, providing cultural leave)
  • Employer cross-cultural training

However, recruiting is insufficient. Overly high expectations, prejudice and racism, and a lack of acknowledgement of abilities and knowledge are just a few of the challenges to Indigenous workers’ retention in the public sector.

Some solutions to retain employees includes –

  • Ongoing mentoring and assistance along with indigenous procurement policy
  • Flexible work arrangements that help Indigenous employees to balance work, family, and community duties
  • Support for Indigenous employees’ families
  • Dealing with racism in the workplace through initiatives that address the larger workplace culture

In the end, the research reveals that what is going on in the larger labour market is the most important factor influencing Indigenous workforce participation and employment. The state of the economy is critical at the national level. Changes in government funding and industry structure have a disproportionate impact on Indigenous Australians at the local and community level.

However, we lack comprehensive research on which specific interventions will have a meaningful and cost-effective impact on Indigenous employment participation. We haven’t paid attention to the evidence of what has been proved to work (and what hasn’t) in other situations.

Not only has this issue gone unnoticed, but there has also been a lack of genuine self-determination in terms of what Indigenous peoples of Aboriginal and Torres Strait think about priorities and policy solutions.

The Challenges Of Community Development In The Face Of COVID-19

aboriginal communities in Australia

COVID-19 is a fault line that has opened up in our lives. In this post, we’ll look into its current impact on aboriginal communities in Australia, and what it means for future community development. Much has been written about how communities have responded to the crisis, with heartwarming anecdotes of neighbours helping neighbours and a resurgence of compassion and solidarity abounding.

Small-scale local groups mobilised quickly to provide immediate support and guarantee that basic requirements for food, medication, and information were addressed, according to recent research. Using social media to coordinate activities and stay in touch with the most vulnerable, informal neighbourhood networks were quickly established. Before more formal programs were developed, and when high-profile national volunteering attempts failed, these local clubs and networks were often the first line of response. Their understanding of the area was invaluable in identifying service shortages and combatting social isolation.

Within communities, new relationships have evolved that may well outlive the immediate crisis, allowing for the emergence of new kinds of self-organised collective action. In cases where face-to-face interactions are no longer possible, online social interaction services such as WhatsApp and Zoom have provided a lifeline. These are now well-known and will be used for community organising as we progress to the next level.

Major Concerns Surrounding Communities Amidst COVID 19

While initial responses have been promising, as the pandemic continues there are a number of unforeseen long-term consequences of our isolation:

  • To begin with, while social media has become increasingly important to many people, reliance on these platforms has its drawbacks. Not everyone has access to or is comfortable with technology and reliable Wi-Fi. It also can’t replace the unexpected, informal face-to-face meetings that have been lost as a result of people’s reduced mobility – on the street, in community centres, and in so-called “third spaces.” Many common areas remain locked or restricted, limiting opportunities for accidental and spontaneous community encounters that are difficult to sustain through scheduled online discussions. People are claiming that they have been ‘zoomed out.’ In any event, current evidence suggests that social media and face-to-face communication work best together.
  • The fact that “we are not all in it together” is a second problem. With food banks overburdened and an increasing reliance on benefits, the crisis has exposed the fragility and inequity of many people’s lives. People who live in congested housing, are poor, or have precarious jobs are the ones who suffer the most from both the disease and the pandemic’s control attempts resulting in decreased number of Indigenous Literacy and Numeracy. In this sense, going back to the way things were isn’t an option. The situation has brought to light many of the up topics like as ageism, domestic abuse, disability, and mental health. In the following months, there will be a huge disparity in employment and economic security, leading to increased dissatisfaction and frustration. There are serious concerns about the long-term impact of the lockdown and the projected recession on children and young people, who may be more resistant to the illness.
  • Third, the development of a strong sense of community is simply one aspect of the picture. On the other hand, we have generational strife, disagreements over public health laws, and debates over the pace and priority for easing lockdown. Cutbacks have damaged community infrastructure in recent years, but community development in various forms has continued to play a role in many of the most vulnerable regions, providing residents with the skills and confidence to step up when needed.

Communities taking action

We’ve witnessed a strong local response across Australia, with community organisations modifying or extending programmes to meet new and significant demand. Community organisations play an important role in providing emergency food, providing Aboriginal Support and supporting victims of domestic violence, as well as assisting people who are forced to self-isolate by providing practical services and information – all while grappling with new ways of working and social distancing measures.

It’s amazing to see community groups play such a powerful, positive, and necessary role when many individuals continue to endure great challenges, especially those who are most at risk.

Ongoing issues

We also recognise that serious difficulties persist, and that community organisations will require additional support and resources to continue this essential frontline work and assist with recovery in the future.

Staffing concerns, income and reserve depletion, and the need to change to new methods of working remain key concerns, according to groups, and might have substantial repercussions for how they deliver their job now, as well as in the medium to long term. In addition to organisational pressures, organisations have noted an increase in demand for their services, which is expected to persist even when some social distancing measures are lifted.

As we all know, the pandemic’s health, social, and economic consequences will last for a long time. In the future, community organisations will be on the front lines of assisting those who are most vulnerable in their communities.

As the effects of the crisis manifest, it’s critical that they’re recognised, acknowledged, and supported so that their vital job can continue and adapt to the new “normal” that will remain for some time. This entails not only enough, appropriate, and timely resources, but also access to personal protective equipment (PPE) and key worker status if these are required to keep people safe and supported.

We’ve already used the information we’ve gathered to inform how funding and policy might adapt to this catastrophe, and we’ll keep highlighting the needs and priorities of aboriginal communities in Australia in the coming weeks and months. For more info, visit CISAU.